Erratum regarding previously published articles

    Published:September 25, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcot.2020.09.032
        Owing to a Publisher error Declaration of Competing Interest statements were not included in the published versions of the following articles, that appeared in previous issues of Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma.
        The appropriate “Declaration of Competing Interest statements”, provided by the Authors, are included below.
        • 1.
          “SAFE CORRIDOR FOR FIBULAR TRANSFIXATION WIRE IN RELATION TO COMMON PERONEAL NERVE: A CADAVERIC ANALYSIS” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 432–438) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2018.05.002
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 2.
          “When a volar locking plate is not the right choice in fractures of the distal radius: Case based technical considerations” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2020; 11: 542–553) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2020.05.040
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 3.
          “Post COVID-19: Planning strategies to resume orthopaedic surgery –challenges and considerations” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2020; 11: 291–295) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2020.04.028
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 4.
          “A novel single myocapsular sleeve (SMS) repair technique to reduce dislocation in posterior approach to the hip: A clinico-radiographic study” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 247–251) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2019.03.014
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 5.
          “Current concepts in intraosseous Platelet-Rich Plasma injections for knee osteoarthritis” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 36–41) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2018.09.017
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 6.
          “Current concepts in intraosseous Platelet-Rich Plasma injections for knee osteoarthritis” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 36–41) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2018.09.017
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 7.
          “Standardized practice is associated with low rate of surgical site infection in orthopaedic trauma” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 36–41) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2018.12.009
        • Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 8.
          “Ultrasound imaging in musculoskeletal Injuries – What the orthopaedic surgeon needs to know” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 659–665) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2019.05.010
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 9.
          “Role of transforaminal epidural injections or selective nerve root blocks in the management of lumbar radicular syndrome - A narrative, evidence-based review” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2020; 11: 802–809) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2020.06.004
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 12.
          “Computed tomography based 3D printed patient specific blocks for total knee replacement” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2018; 9: 254–259) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2018.07.013
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 13.
          “A prospective study of two methods of analgesia in shoulder arthroscopic procedures as day case surgery” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2020; 11: 368–371) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2019.06.008
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 14.
          “Is PFNA-II:A better implant for stable Intertrochanteric fractures in elderly? A prospective randomized study.” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 71–76) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2019.02.004
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 15.
          “Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) for orthopaedic in COVID-19 pandemic: Roles, challenges, and applications” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2020; 11: 713–717) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2020.05.011
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 16
          “An in-vitro animal bone model study to predict spiral fracture strength of long bones in the young infant” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2019; 10: 744–749) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2018.10.001.
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 17.
          “Melorheostosis of upper limb: A report of four rare cases” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2020; 11: 321–323) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2019.06.009
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 18.
          “Sternoclavicular joint tuberculosis: A series of conservatively managed sixteen cases” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2020; 11: 557–567) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2020.04.026
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.
        • 19.
          Meniscal repair and regeneration: Current strategies and future perspectives” (Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 2018; 9: 247–253) https://10.1016/j.jcot.2018.07.008
        Declaration of Competing Interest: The Authors have no interests to declare.

        Linked Article

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            Revision of failed total hip arthroplasty (THA) presents great challenge to any orthopaedic surgeon especially in the presence of acetabular defects where the main goal is to achieve durable fixation of prosthetic components to bone which is the key to successful revision surgery.
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        • Impact of COVID 19 lockdown on orthopaedic surgeons in India: A survey
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 3
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            Unstable ankle fractures are common, and majority requires open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). There is emerging evidence that the rate of malreduction has remained high despite advances in surgical techniques and implants. Malreduced ankle is a prominent cause of post-traumatic ankle arthritis leading to poor patient reported outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of anatomical reduction and surgical fixation of ankle fractures and the impact of simple education intervention on the quality of reduction of these fractures.
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        • When a volar locking plate is not the right choice in fractures of the distal radius: Case based technical considerations
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 4
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            A volar approach is commonly used for fixation of distal radius fractures with a volar locking plate. There are certain fracture patterns for which volar locked plating is not suitable. This case based review outlines such case examples.
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          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10Issue 1
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            Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative process that slowly destroys the joints producing pain and loss of function, and diminishes the quality of life. Current treatments alleviate this symptomatology but do not stop the disease, being total knee arthroplasty the only definitive solution. Among the emerging treatments, Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) has shown promising results in the treatment of OA. However, to improve its effectiveness, it is necessary to approach this pathology targeting the whole joint, not only the cartilage, but including other tissues such as subchondral bone.
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        • Ultrasound imaging in musculoskeletal injuries-What the Orthopaedic surgeon needs to know
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            Patients with musculoskeletal complaints have either been ignored or advised investigations far beyond their means or comfort. Focusing attention only on spine and head restricted the evaluation in cases of trauma and were followed up only if the injuries were life threatening. In the same vein, the extremities often got overlooked or at best were evaluated only by plain radiographs. Soft tissue injuries were therefore often missed and not only raised the morbidity in the patient but also dissatisfaction towards the treating physician.
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        • Computed tomography based 3D printed patient specific blocks for total knee replacement
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        • Bone block procedures for glenohumeral joint instability
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10Issue 2
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            Glenoid bone loss is a well established cause of instability and long term morbidity if not adequadely addressed. Anterior glenohumeral instability due an anterior glenoid defect is significantly more common, and for many years has been well treated with open anterior bone block augmentation procedures, most commonly the latarjet procedure. However, with refinement of this technique and some interest in reducing morbidity associated with iliac crest bone harvest, arthroscopic bone block procedures with allograft has become more popular.
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        • Effects of age and rate of twist on torsional fracture patterns in infant porcine femora
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 2
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            Long bone fractures are a common injury in the pediatric population. Differentiation between abusive, or non-accidental trauma, and accidental trauma in children remains challenging for forensic practitioners. A recent clinical-based study was able to separate pediatric abusive from accidental trauma based on femoral fracture pattern using the ratio of fracture length over bone diameter (fracture ratio), as determined from radiographic analysis of this fractured bone. The forensic literature indicates more cases of abuse in younger pediatric victims than accidental cases.
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          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10
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            Prolotherapy injections are becoming increasingly popular as a non-surgical treatment option for many chronic musculoskeletal conditions. Proposed benefits include reduced pain, reduced joint laxity and increased tendon strength. While a number of studies report that prolotherapy reduces pain and increases function for many conditions, the academic evidence remains extremely weak. Here, we discuss a case of a complex intra-articular knee infection in a young, previously healthy, female following prolotherapy injections for management of a partial-thickness anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.
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        • Efficacy of the "Salento technique", a modified two-incision approach in distal biceps brachii tendon repair. Surgical description and outcomes analysis
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10Issue 5
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            The biceps brachii lesion needs to be treated surgically. A modified two incisions technique is proposed and reviewed. Material and Methods: All patients were treated with the same technique. The outcomes were measured with the Quick-DASH Score (QDS), and the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS). Postoperative complications and distal biceps tendon strength were registered also.
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        • Arthroscopic ankle fusion to manage sequel of loss of lateral malleoli in compound crushed ankle injury
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10
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            Defect in the lateral malleolus along with lateral ligamentous injury of ankle is rare. It occurs mainly due to resection of distal fibula tumors and severe trauma leading to loss of lateral malleolus. Lateral malleoli has the major contribution in weight transmission to foot and ankle stability. To avoid persistent pain and gait abnormality due to ankle instability, reconstruction of bony defect is inevitable. Methods to address these defects are iliac crest bone grafting, vascular and nonvascular proximal fibula transfer, patella tendon bone graft and allograft.
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        • Safe corridor for fibular transfixation wire in relation to common peroneal nerve: A cadaveric analysis
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10Issue 2
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            Peroneal nerve impalement is a recognized complication of percutaneous placement of fibular transfixation wires by palpatory method after increase use of ilizarov technique in treatment of Tibial fractures, deformity correction and limb lengthening. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the Common Peroneal Nerve (CPN) and the palpable landmark, fibular head for insertion of proximal fibular transfixation wire, safe zones in proximal tibia and percentage of fibula where nerve crosses the neck.
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        • A novel single myocapsular sleeve (SMS) repair technique to reduce dislocation in posterior approach to the hip: A clinico-radiographic study
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10
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            To assess a new modification of posterior approach to the hip and its effect on stability and functional outcome in total hip arthroplasty.
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        • Is it necessary to tie the medial row in rotator cuff repair double-row constructs when using suture tape?
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            To evaluate the selected biomechanical differences of a double-row trans-osseous equivalent rotator cuff repair with a knotless versus knot-tying medial row using suture tape in regard to repair displacement, stiffness, and ultimate load to failure.
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        • Re-evaluating the utility of routine postoperative laboratory tests after primary total knee arthroplasty
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            While advancements in surgery and reduced complication rates have made total knee arthroplasty (TKA) one of the most successful and cost-effective procedures in orthopaedic surgery, routine postoperative laboratory tests are still being ordered without evidence as to their necessity. With expansion of the bundled payment models, there may exist an opportunity to cut overall costs while maintaining quality of care by eliminating unnecessary interventions. The objective of this study was to examine the utility of routine postoperative laboratory tests in TKA.
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        • Rheumatoid subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis with rice bodies: A case report
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10Issue 3
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            Subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis of a shoulder with rice bodies is relatively uncommon. The understanding of the pathogenesis of rice body formation is yet approximate only but some clinical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculous arthritis, seronegative inflammatory arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are related to it. We describe a case of a 44 years old female with subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis of her right shoulder with numerous rice bodies’ formation as a presenting feature of rheumatoid arthritis.
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        • Comparative study of existing knee prosthesis with anthropometry of Indian patients and other races, a computer tomography 3D reconstruction-based study
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            Background: Appropriate component sizing plays an important role in determining the functional outcome following total knee arthroplasty. Comparative studies of different populations have shown significant differences in the anthropometric parameters of knees in different race groups which negates the possibility of using a single sized implant system across different ethnic groups. This study evaluates the dimensions of femoral and tibial articular surfaces of Indian patients and compares the parameters with other ethnic groups and correlates the dimensions with five different commercially available knee systems.
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        • Use of reverse stemless shoulder arthroplasty in a patient with multiple hereditary exostosis
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            Multiple hereditary exostosis (MHE) is the formation of benign, cartilage-capped bony outgrowths predominantly extending from the metaphysis of long bones that presents with reduction in growth, deformity, restricted motion, short stature and premature osteoarthritis.
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        • COVID-19 outbreak: The early response of a UK orthopaedic department
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak was first reported to the World Health Organisation (WHO) on New Year’s Eve 2019 in Wuhan, China. Thought to be linked to food markets, the virus quickly spread throughout the country and subsequently to most of the world. By April 2020 there were one million confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection worldwide.1
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        • Role of CT and MRI in the design and development of orthopaedic model using additive manufacturing
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 9Issue 3
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            To study the role of Computed tomography (CT) and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for design and development of orthopaedic model using additive manufacturing (AM) technologies.
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        • Ankle stability in ankle fracture
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 3
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            Restoration of normal ankle kinematics should be the all-encompassing ethos in the approach to management of ankle fractures. To do this, the ligamentous stabilisers must also form part of its assessment and definitive management and be considered during index fracture fixation surgery. This article is a review of the anatomy, mechanics and clinical testing of instability in ankle fractures.
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        • Post COVID-19: Planning strategies to resume orthopaedic surgery –challenges and considerations
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            The Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a substantial effect on the health care systems around the world. As the disease has spread, many developed and developing countries have been stretched on their resources such as personnel as well as adequate equipment. As a result of resource disparity, in a populous country like India, the elective orthopaedic surgeries stand cancelled whilst trauma and emergency services have been reorganised following Indian Orthopaedic Association and recent urgent British Orthopaedic association guidelines.
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        • Melorheostosis of upper limb: A report of four rare cases
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 2
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            Melorheostosis is a rare chronic bone disease, etiology of which remains unclear. It mostly affects lower limbs and clinical features vary in each case. Radiographs show characteristic "candle wax pattern" of hyperostosis. Herein we report four cases of upper limb affection with their symptoms, radiographic findings and treatment. First case presented with gradually progressive swelling in forearm which was initially misdiagnosed as filariasis. Plain radiograph eventually demonstrated melorheostosis of ulna.
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        • Meniscal repair and regeneration: Current strategies and future perspectives
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 9Issue 3
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            The management of meniscal injuries remains difficult and challenging. Although several clinical options exist for the treatment of such injuries, complete regeneration of the damaged meniscus has proved difficult due to the limited healing capacity of the tissue. With the advancements in tissue engineering and cell-based technologies, new therapeutic options for patients with currently incurable meniscal lesions now potentially exist. This review will discuss basic anatomy, current repair techniques and treatment options for loss of meniscal integrity.
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        • Working through the COVID-19 outbreak: Rapid review and recommendations for MSK and allied heath personnel
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 3
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            The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has caused the world to undergo unprecedented change in a short space of time. This disease has devastated the economy, infringed personal freedom, and has taken a toll on healthcare systems worldwide. This review aims to highlight aspects of this pandemic with a specific emphasis on musculoskeletal work within the secondary care setting.
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        • Tibial-tubercle avulsion and patellar-tendon rupture in pre-pubertal child with osteogenesis imperfecta(OI): Case report and review of current treatment in OI
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 2
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            Very few cases of simultaneous occurrence of tibial tuberosity fracture with lower pole patella and distal patellar tendon rupture type injuries have been reported in adolescent athletic age group, but its occurrence in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI)* has not been reported to the best of our knowledge in a literature search of last 5 years in the English Language. The mechanism of avulsion injury after low-velocity trauma and the underlying pathology is a unique combination in our patient and a note on updates in general management of osteogenesis imperfecta is discussed.
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        • Osteomyelitis variolosa: Forgotten complication of an eradicated disease
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10Issue 4
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            Orthopedic manifestations and sequelae of small pox disease are largely forgotten. Presening features in the modern era are not only the classical deformities but also includes precocious arthritis, pathological fractures and joint instability.
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        • Measuring the radiation exposed with optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters and evaluation of the total time and dose of fluoroscopy
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 10Issue 4
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            Since the introduction of intraoperative fluoroscopy few decades ago, orthopedic surgeons have been exposed to direct or scatter radiation during many different procedures. The amount of the radiation exposed during the distal locking of the femur and tibia with intramedullary nailing (IMN) is particularly higher.1 Although the use of magnetic nails has lowered the amount of this exposure recently, there is still extreme exposure in percutaneous pinning of the pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and closed titanium elastic nailing of pediatric fractures, where the surgeon stands closer to the fluoroscope.
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        • 3D printing- creating a blueprint for the future of orthopedics: Current concept review and the road ahead!
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 9Issue 3
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            The use of 3D printing in Orthopedics is set to transform the way surgeries are planned and executed. The development of X rays and later the CT scan and MRI enabled surgeons to understand the anatomy and condition better and helped plan surgeries on images obtained. 3DGraphy a term used for 3D printed orthopedic patient models and Jigs has gone a step further by providing surgeons with a physical copy of the patient's affected part that can not only be seen but also felt and moved around spatially.
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        • A novel technique of ulna strut grafting for post-septic radial clubhand deformity: Case series of 4 patients with review of literature
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            Though distal end radius fractures are one of the commonest fractures to occur, their nonunions are extremely uncommon. Out of these, post-septic defect nonunions with acquired radial clubhand deformity are even more rare and pose unique problems in management. We present a case series of 4 patients of post-septic radius nonunion with acquired radial clubhand deformity successfully treated with a novel technique of using Ulna Strut grafting for radius defect after ulnar shortening. All 4 patients have a good functional and cosmetic outcomes with radiological union at the cost of minimal limb length discrepancy of the forearm.
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        • 6-Year clinical results and survival of Copeland Resurfacing hemiarthroplasty of the shoulder in a consecutive series of 279 cases
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11
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            Medium-term clinical results and survival of the Copeland resurfacing hemiarthroplasty of the shoulder (CRHA) in a large consecutive group are presented with a comparison of outcomes for underlying pathologies.
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        • Modic changes - An evidence-based, narrative review on its patho-physiology, clinical significance and role in chronic low back pain
          Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics & TraumaVol. 11Issue 5
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            Lumbar degenerative spinal ailments are the most important causes for chronic low back pain. Modic changes (MC) are vertebral bone marrow signal intensity changes seen on MRI, commonly in association with degenerative disc disease (DDD). Despite being widely studied, majority of issues concerning MC are still controversial. The current narrative, evidence-based review comprehensively discusses the various aspects related to MC.
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